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Daily Archives: May 13, 2016

En febrero, un promedio diario de 18 cubanos entró a Estados Unidos por los puertos fronterizos de El Paso y en marzo pasaron a ser 25 al día, de acuerdo con cifras del servicio de Aduanas y Protecci'on Fronteriza en esa región. Continue reading
Dijo sentirse “feliz” en la Isla tras divulgarse que podría haber escapado Continue reading

Dos cubanoamericanos y la compañía Concrete Beach Brewery relanzarán la cerveza Tropical, recuperando la receta original, en el cierre de la Semana de la Cerveza Artesanal Estadounidense, que se celebrará el 22 de mayo en Concrete Beach Brewery (325 NW 24 St., Wynwood), informa El Nuevo Herald.

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… your friend,” Cuban said, according to Business Insider. Cuban also offered up … just throw bombs at Donald,” Cuban reportedly said. “And I would … .'” According to Fortune magazine, Cuban referred to Trump’s candidacy … , the Elaine Dance, the whatever,” Cuban reportedly said, referring to names … Continue reading
Las mejores escenas se reservan para el final, como en las novelas Continue reading


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La Sala Primera de la Corte de Apelaciones confirmó la suspensión del juicio por genocidio en Guatemala que se realizaba a puerta cerrada contra el exdictador José Efraín Ríos Montt, informó el viernes uno de los querellantes.

Según el Centro de Acción Legal para los Derechos Humanos (Caldh), el jueves la Sala les notificó la resolución definitiva sobre un amparo que habían presentado contra la decisión del Tribunal B de Mayor Riesgo de celebrar conjuntamente el juicio de Ríos Montt y el del general retirado José Rodríguez.

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García-Margallo coincidirá en La Habana con la titular de Fomento, Ana Pastor, quien llegará a La Habana el domingo por la noche y al día siguiente desarrollará una agenda paralela a la del ministro, antes de regresar juntos a España. Continue reading
El gobierno incumple sus promesas, continúa el acoso y la imposición de multas a transportistas privados. Continue reading
"El domingo, 15 de mayo, a las 10 a.m. en la Avenida América, donde se encuentra el monumento a Jose Martí vamos a hacer una reunión en la que van a participar también los medios de prensa, para solidarizarnos con la situación de los cubanos que están en el Hotel Carrión": Movimiento X Cuba Continue reading
   El vicepresidente de Estados Unidos, Joe Biden, resaltó el efecto positivo de la apertura con Cuba en Iberoamérica y destacó la relación con México en cuanto al tema de seguridad energética. Continue reading
14ymedio, Regina Coyula, Havana, 13 May 2016 — The municipality of Old Havana had its ancient underground water and electrical systems renovated last year. The streets were dug up to replace the pipes and wiring. Beyond the mess and the dust, these works have brought the residents two precious services, services without which it is unthinkable to … Continue reading "In the Dark / 14ymedio, Regina Coyula" Continue reading

Un concierto único de la afamada solista estadounidense Barbara Hendricks tuvo lugar la tarde del jueves en la Basílica del Convento San Francisco de Asís, en La Habana Vieja.

Acompañaron a Hendricks, Zenaida Romeu y su Camerata, los músicos suecos Magnus Lindgren (clarinete, flauta y saxofón) y Ulf Englund (guitarrista).

Poseedora de un amplio registro y fuertes resonadores, esta mujer de 68 años es capaz de incursionar en variados géneros musicales, como la ópera, el jazz y el blues.

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La Comisión Permanente de Cultura, Turismo y Espacios Públicos de la UNEAC emitió una declaración de "total desacuerdo" con el modo en que fueron recibidos recientemente los turistas del crucero Adonia, proveniente de Estados Unidos, según publicó este viernes el diario estatal Granma.

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13 mayo, 2016 El Gobierno espa Continue reading

Cuba es el segundo deudor de España por volumen de deuda

El Ejecutivo español recuerda que ya llegó a un acuerdo con Cuba en noviembre del 2015 por la deuda a corto plazo

La deuda a largo plazo, se negocia en el Club de París

Click to Continue » Continue reading
Fue trasladada a un centro especializado

Dos empleados del Fondo Nacional de Transporte Urbano y del Consejo Nacional de Telecomunicaciones de Venezuela, respectivamente, fueron despedidos por apoyar el referendo revocatorio, informa El Nacional.

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Viajaban en el vehículo marca Lada accidentado una mujer y una niña Continue reading
Cuba en los Panama Papers: ¿Quién es Wilfredo Leyva Armesto? mayo 12, 2016 Martinoticias.com El anónimo beneficiario de Técnica Hidráulica S.A es Wilfredo Leyva Armesto, un funcionario cubano que ha trabajado por años en cargos de dirección en el estatal Instituto de Recursos Hidráulicos de Cuba. Técnica Hidráulica S.A., basada desde 1994 en las Islas […] Continue reading
Biden: EEUU espera que América Latina se pronuncie sobre DDHH en Cuba mayo 12, 2016 Martinoticias.com Durante una conferencia en la Universidad de Tampa el vicepresidente se refirió a los beneficios del acercamiento con Cuba. ¿Viajará Biden a la isla? El vicepresidente de los Estados Unidos, Joe Biden, recapituló el jueves en la Universidad de […] Continue reading
Servile Talents / Fernando Dámaso

Fernando Damaso, 10 May 2016 — "There is really no spectacle more
hateful than that of servile talents." (José Martí, Complete Works,
Volume 13, Page 158, Cuban National Press.) I wanted to start these
lines with this thought of the Apóstol [Cubans refer to Martí in this
way], as many of our intellectuals, some of them with famous names, have
joined the flock of government sheep, without having any need to do so,
taking an active part in its campaigns of disinformation and
manipulation of the people, going so far as to commit acts of violence
against those who think differently to them, and demonstrating an
aggressiveness which is foreign to them and does not fit well with their
personalities.

Intellectuals and pseudo-intellectuals (and there are plenty of them
too) of both sexes, united in a so-called "defence of national identity,
independence and sovereignty", repeat everything that the old
"historical leaders" say, like well-trained parrots. Even including
self-confessed Stalinists who, divorced from reality, still have
nightmarish dreams of a communist world, firmly believing that their
words reflect what most Cubans feel, and that they are historic, because
only they have the illegal right to think, which other Cubans are not
allowed to do.

Such servility, opportunism, and fanaticism is disgusting, most of all
when it comes from supposedly educated people, who should serve as good
examples of ethics and honour for the rest of us.

I am not going to name names, because I am afraid of being unjust and
forgetting some of them, since most of them are well-known because they
appear regularly in the official media, with their pig-headed articles,
declarations and interviews, get books published without any trouble,
and receive prizes, awards and government tributes in recognition of
"carrying out their political duty", as distinct from their intellectual
or artistic merits, which I do not deny they possess.

Although they are now enjoying their "bit of Sunday", as the adverts for
a popular brand of beer used to say years ago, tomorrow they will be
questioned and condemned for their cowardice and lack of civic-mindedness.

I am going to end with another one of the Apóstol's thoughts: "All
tyrants have one of these educated thinking people at their side, who
can pen justifications, mitigations and pretences. Or many of them do,
because hand-in hand with all this writing goes an appetite for luxury,
and that brings an eagerness to sell themselves to anyone who can
satisfy this desire. Many intelligent scumbags sell their tongues or
their pens to get a house or a car or a bag of money for their
loved-ones." (José Martí, Complete Works, Volume 12, Page 276, Cuban
National Press).

Translated by GH

Source: Servile Talents / Fernando Dámaso – Translating Cuba -
http://translatingcuba.com/servile-talents-fernando-dmaso/ Continue reading
Caterpillar "Is Ready" To Join The Cuban Market / 14ymedio

14ymedio, Havana, 12 May 2016 — US machinery maker Caterpillar is ready
to enter the Cuban market once the embargo is lifted, confirmed
Caterpillar director Doug Oberhelman on Wednesday, after a meeting in
Havana with the island's authorities.

The management of the company, headquartered in Illinois, told Reuters
that it was "received warmly" by the representatives of the Cuban
government during their two-day stay in the country. The executive
traveled to Havana for the first time to participate in an event
organized on the occasion of a half million dollar donation from the
company for the conservation and preservation of documents and artifacts
from the former home of American writer Ernest Hemingway in Cuba.

"We have talked about different projects," he told reporters, "and I
think the most interesting in the short term is at the Port of Mariel."

To the question of when he expected the embargo to be lifted, Oberhelman
said, "For me, the answer is not soon enough."

This last February, Caterpillar named the Puerto Rican company Rimco as
distributor of its products in Cuba in anticipation of the lifting of
the trade embargo against the island.

In June, representatives of the group, along with employees of other
major US companies like Cargill and Procter & Gamble, supported lobbying
efforts in Congress by the organization Engage Cuba to lift restrictions
on travel and trade with Cuba, supporting by Democratic and Republican
advisors.

Source: Caterpillar "Is Ready" To Join The Cuban Market / 14ymedio –
Translating Cuba -
http://translatingcuba.com/caterpillar-is-ready-to-join-the-cuban-market-14ymedio/ Continue reading
State Security Tactics in Cuba / Iván García

Ivan Garcia, 11 May 2016 — Daniel Llorente Miranda, 52, is a spontaneous
dissident. He doesn't belong to any opposition party, nor is he an
un-gagged journalist. He is on his own.

Last 22 March, with the stars and stripes on his shoulders, Llorente
found himself in the area of the United State Embassy, waiting to greet
President Barack Obama, after he met with a group of opponents,
activists and alternative journalists.

Mixed race, a little overweight and short, Daniel defends authentic
democracy, believes in freedom of expression and is openly anti-Castro.
He shares his narrative peacefully.

On Monday, 2 May, among the many people gathered at the Avenida del
Puerto to greet the Adonia cruise ship, again flying the stars and
stripes, Daniel Llorente was interviewed by the foreign corespondents
when, apparently spontaneously, a thin man with a gray cap, interfered
in his exchange with the press, first contradicting him, second act,
triggers a blast of support for the regime and he ends up insulting it.

Nearby, five or six brawny guys looking like military in plainclothes
join the dispute with the typical verbal verbal lynching: Mercenary!
Traitor! Turncoat! 'breaking' Llorente's interview with the foreign press.

Then, an undercover agent summoned a police car and the spontaneous
dissident was arrested. Before they put him in the car he got a few slaps.

You don't have to be very insightful to understand that everything was
staged. When the altercation got hot, the act of repudiation was joined
by people who, supposedly, are not used to different opinions because of
their doctrinaire education.

The line of plainclothes agents was in the immediate vicinity of where
the independent and foreign press were working. When hearing critical
opinions of the government by those being interviewed, we hear shouts of
Viva Cuba. But nothing is by chance.

According to a resident of San Isidro, a neighborhood a stone's throw
from the cruise ship terminal., "The lady that was asked to throw water
on the guy (Daniel Llorente) sells clothes in the black market. She was
formally warned by the police several times and they tried to make her
work with them to denounce those selling drugs and prostituting in the
area. The black guy with the tattoo is also shameless and corrupt, he
was in the war in Angola and belongs the soldier's association, like the
old many who started the discussion, a hard-line member of the CDR
(Committee for the Defense of the Revolution)."

It's not new that the marginals and delinquents collaborate with State
Security. Nor are acts of repudiation something new. Many analysts
believe they started in 1980 with the emigration of twenty-five thousand
Cubans through the Mariel Boatlift.

But the date goes back further. As far back as the spring of 1959, when
Fidel Castro supporters, with permission from the authorities, burned
newspapers and magazines that reproached the government.

These mobs arrived to injure the journalists critical of Castro. And
they were part of the stating of the "people outraged by the unpatriotic
role of the press."

They mobilized sectors of the people to confront those who disagreed and
to support Castro's measures. They did the same to homosexuals, lovers
of rock music, and the owners of french fry stands.

The year 1980 marked a turning point in the acts of repudiation. And
those who were not outcasts nor bourgeoisie. Nor "mercenaries" nor
"counterrevolutionaries." They were par of this silent mass who
apparently applauded a cause, but at the first opportunity fled their
homeland.

These verbal lynchings came to be very violent. Dozens were reported
injured by beatings and stones thrown by enraged people.

Currently, this reprehensible method is used principally against the
dissidence. The site of the Ladies in White in Lawton, or Antonio
Rodiles' house in Miramar, have been surrounded by children and school
kids from nearby schools who attend without even knowing the background
of the event. They staged a wild party with music to disrupt the
activities planned by the opposition.

On 20 March, just when Barack Obama's Air Force One took off for Havana
from Andrews Military Base in the United States, the cowboys of the
political police formed their human shield with about three hundred
people, to repudiate the Ladies and White and dissident activists.

This has occurred every Sunday for more than a year. After the opponents
leave Santa Rita church, the insults, beatings and arrests start. The
police authorities can arrest the dissidents alleging any reason,
without having to resort to violence or the show.

But it makes up a part of the decalog of the autocracy" counterposing
the political differences with a swarm always superior in numbers, of
revolutionaries 'disgusted' with those who oppose the Castro.

The public money, with no consultation with the ordinary people, is
spent preparing the act of repudiation. Urban buses are diverted and
commerce in the area is paralyzed. Hundreds of students are workers from
the area are mobilized, mixed with the paramilitaries of the so-called
Rapid Response Brigades.

The expert officials from the Department of State Security manage all
the threads. They are worn out strategies. Every dissident or
independent journalist has suffered the same thing. Their function
continues to be intimidating the opposition and engaging their supporters.

The purpose, very simple: the street and public spaces belong
exclusively to Fidel Castro's supporters. It may not be fascism. But
it's close.

Source: State Security Tactics in Cuba / Iván García – Translating Cuba
- http://translatingcuba.com/state-security-tactics-in-cuba-ivn-garca/ Continue reading
El pronóstico oficial es bastante desalentador

Alberto Pedro Freire Leiva, esposo de la Dama de Blanco Rosa Escalona, y su hijo Yunier Freire, serán dados de alta en las próximas horas de los hospitales donde se encuentran ingresados en Holguín, declaró a DIARIO DE CUBA la propia activista. "Han evolucionado de forma bastante favorable", dijo.

La familia de la representante del movimiento femenino en Holguín sufrió una violenta agresión por parte de dos hombres que "los atacaron con tubos" el domingo pasado.

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A thriving tourism economy spurs residents to be their own bosses

Private guest houses and restaurants line the streets

From offering hiking tours to street performance, workers find novel ways to earn a living

Click to Continue » Continue reading
Preparan las candidaturas de alrededor de 90 opositores para las elecciones generales de 2017. Continue reading
Updated 5:14 am, Friday, May 13, 2016

EL PASO, Texas (AP) — The first wave of what could become thousands of
Cuban refugees have begun arriving in El Paso and Juarez as relations
between the United States and Cuba continue to normalize and Cubans fear
losing their special status as immigrants, officials said.
A group of more than 200 Cuban migrants arrived Monday in Juarez on two
flights from Panama, Mexico's foreign ministry said, and all of them
will ultimately make their way to El Paso.
Officials with the El Paso's Diocesan Migrant and Refugee Services said
Wednesday that two planes with at least 150 Cubans are expected to
arrive in Juarez daily, resulting in about 3,500 or more refugees who
need assistance to get to their final destinations.
Melissa Lopez, executive director of Diocesan Migrant and Refugee
Services, said many Cubans are leaving their country, fearing the Cuban
Adjustment Act of 1966 will end.
"Now that Cuban diplomatic relations in the United States have improved,
people are scared that they are going to repeal the Cuban Adjustment
Act. The Cuban Adjustment Act allows Cubans to apply for residency one
year after they have been paroled or admitted to the United States. They
are really scared that they will do away with the law and if they do,
they will get stuck living in a very oppressive country," Lopez said.

In early 2015, Presidents Barack Obama and Raul Castro announced that
the countries would restore diplomatic relations — relations that had
been severed in 1961. Obama visited Cuba in March, taking a step further
toward normalization.
However, the U.S. trade embargo requires congressional approval to be
lifted and experts say that is unlikely to happen soon.
After arriving in Juarez, Cuban migrants cross the border and are taken
to the Houchen Community Center for registration and processing. An
estimated 300 people were processed from Monday to Wednesday, including
men, woman and children, officials said.

On Wednesday afternoon, nearly all of the 50 Cubans outside the center
were talking on their cellphones, calling relatives in the United States
or Cuba.
After processing, the migrants are then taken to centers such as the San
Pablo Lutheran Church, officials said. Migrants eventually will be sent
to places like Denver, Michigan, Florida and other destinations of their
choosing.
At the centers, they get a room that houses up to four people as they
await the next step in their journey.
Some 10 percent to 15 percent might not be able to continue without some
assistance and will stay in the El Paso area, officials said.
The Diocesan Migrant and Refugee Services is the only agency in El Paso
that can aid the Cubans with the Refugee Cash Assistance Program, a
federally funded program that can help with cash, completion of the Work
Authorization application and employment services.
Lopez stressed that the organization might become overwhelmed quickly
because of the influx of Cubans and the limited amount of funds.
"We are funded based on the three-year average of Cubans served. Three
years ago we saw 60 Cubans. Last year we served 100 Cubans, and there
are other refugee families that are eligible aside from Cubans," she said.
Lopez could not say how many Cubans her office could assist, but she did
say she recommends they apply for the benefits in their destination
cities because the program is available throughout the country.
"Cities that have a larger number of refugees like Houston will have a
lot more resources and more ability to do more things," she said.
El Paso Catholic Diocese Bishop Mark J. Seitz said he is frustrated with
the lack of communication from government officials on the arrival of
the Cuban refugees. In an agreement between Panama and Mexico, Panama is
flying thousands of U.S.-bound Cubans to Mexico after being stranded in
Central American for weeks or months due to closed borders.
"There has been no official communication. Most of our word that we
received is from the refugees themselves," he said.
"What happens once they are left at the bridge, people who have never
been in this country, who have little to no resources, being dropped off
on our streets with no place to go and nothing to eat and no way to get
a change of clothes? We're concerned about them and we think it's the
government's responsibility, especially the federal government, to
communicate with us about these people and in some way to assist," Seitz
said.
Similar to a couple of years ago when Central American immigrants were
being processed in El Paso, Annunciation House and other shelters are
relying on other organizations to help provide shelter to the Cubans.
Pastor Karl Heimer of San Pablo Lutheran Church was one of the pastors
who opened the church doors to about 80 Cuban immigrants Tuesday.
Heimer said many of the immigrants are educated Cubans, many in their
late 20s and older, who want to find employment in the United States.
"These are people who want to find jobs and can accomplish it," he said.
___
Information from: El Paso Times, http://www.elpasotimes.com

Source: Diocese prepares for wave of Cuban immigrants - San Antonio
Express-News -
http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/texas/article/Diocese-prepares-for-wave-of-Cuban-immigrants-7466501.php Continue reading
Cuba to US: help banks shed fear of dealing with us
AFP
May 12, 2016

Havana (AFP) - Washington must give assurances that banks dealing with
Cuba will not be punished under the US trade embargo, which remains in
force despite the restoration of diplomatic ties, an official said Thursday.

Cuba will make this argument Monday in Havana at a meeting of officials
from the two countries to review how the process is going, said Gustavo
Machin, deputy director of US affairs in the Foreign Ministry.

"It has still not been possible to normalize banking relations between
the two countries, and among American banks and multinational banks
there is a still much fear of dealing with Cuba," he said.

The United States and Cuba buried the hatchet in July 2015 and restored
diplomatic ties severed half a century ago.

President Barack Obama paid an historic visit to Cuba in March of this year.

Prior to that trip, Obama gave the go ahead for Cuba to use the dollar
in its dealings with US banks and carry out banking transactions in the
US. This was yet another easing of the embargo, although it remains in
place.

"That measure needs to be accompanied by a strong statement, a political
statement, or even a legal tool, which ensures banks that they are not
going to be punished for dealing with Cuba," said Machin.

He said this and other issues related to the embargo will be on the
agenda at Monday's meeting, the third of its kind since ties were restored.

Source: Cuba to US: help banks shed fear of dealing with us -
https://www.yahoo.com/news/cuba-us-help-banks-shed-fear-dealing-us-212813913.html?ref=gs Continue reading
Cuba dissidents present slate of candidates for 2017 election
AFP
May 12, 2016

Cuban opposition leader Manuel Costa Morua (L) speaks during a press
conference to present the "Towards a national project, the minimum
program" in Havana on May 12, 2016 (AFP Photo/Yamil Lage)
More
Havana (AFP) - Opposition leaders said Thursday they plan to present a
slate of candidates for next year's legislative and local elections, an
act of political defiance in communist-governed Cuba.

The move, technically illegal in this one-party state, comes the same
year that President Raul Castro leaves office, a post he has held since
February 2008.

Manuel Cuesta Morua, spokesman for the opposition activists who are
technically banned but tolerated in practice, said that around 90
candidates would be put forward, to promote "free and pluralistic"
elections on the island.

The opposition platform will also advocate "recognition of the Cuban
diaspora as part of the nation" and the "development small and medium
size private enterprises" on the island, he said.

Another dissident leader, Jose Daniel Ferrer from the Roundtable for
United Democratic Action (MUAD), said "the majority of Cubans are tired,
and don't have the least bit of faith in the regime." He predicted
protests and public discontent will increase in Cuba.

The announcement comes in the wake of Cuba's recent rapprochement with
the United States and a resulting uptick in investment and commercial
activity with various foreign nations.

Source: Cuba dissidents present slate of candidates for 2017 election -
https://www.yahoo.com/news/cuba-dissidents-present-slate-candidates-2017-election-212710781.html?ref=gs Continue reading
Ambos ya habían negociado la deuda a corto plazo Continue reading
WHAT DILMA ROUSSEFF'S FALL MEANS FOR CUBA
BY REUTERS ON 5/13/16 AT 1:08 AM

HAVANA/BRASILIA (Reuters) - Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff's
suspension from office is bad news for newly trendy Cuba, which despite
a detente with Washington is feeling the pinch from a downturn ravaging
allies' economies and political fortunes in South America and Africa.

Friends such as Venezuela, Brazil and Angola for years used revenue from
a commodities boom to pay for Cuban medical and educational services,
turning it into the communist-run island's main source of hard currency.

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President Raul Castro's detente with the United States has helped drive
up tourism to record highs but income from the influx of foreign
visitors were only about one-third of the $7 billion from health and
education exports in 2014.

Over the last 13 years, Brazil's leftist governments also provided at
least $1.75 billion in credit on favorable terms, drawing fire from
opponents who are also angered by a program that put 11,400 Cuban
doctors to work in Brazil.

Those projects will now be re-examined after Brazil's Senate voted on
Thursday to put Rousseffon trial for breaking budget laws. She is now
suspended from office while the trial takes place in coming months, and
a likely conviction would end her presidency.

"There will be a short-term review of our Cuba policy, because the money
has run out and because there are some serious governance questions
regarding the loans. Everything will be put on hold," said a Brazilian
diplomat who served in Havana.

Some of Brazil's loans bankrolled a major expansion project at Cuba's
Mariel port with 25-year repayment periods and rates of between 4.4
percent to 6.9 percent, Brazilian data shows. Critics say the terms are
too generous given Cuba's poor credit history.

Support from a bloc of leftist governments in Latin America since the
turn of the century helped Cuba get back on its feet after the collapse
of the Soviet Union caused a massive economic crisis in the 1990s.
Improving relations with the United States and Europe hold the promise
of new revenue, but for now Cuba's economy will suffer as the tide turns
against allies.

Centrist politician Michel Temer took over as interim president in
Brazil on Thursday. His government is not expected to send home the
Cuban doctors working in Brazil since 2013-14 but it will not hire any more.

"Obviously there will be no more Cuban doctors coming here in the
future, because this model of assistance is questionable and there won't
be support for it, but I doubt any Cubans doctors will be booted out,"
said the diplomat, who asked not to be named because he was not
authorized to speak on the matter.

Senator Ronaldo Caiado, a leader of the Democrats party inside Temer's
coalition government, said the doctors should stay, but money paid to
Cuba, approximately $500 million in 2015, should stay in Brazil and be
paid directly to the medics.

Last month, Rousseff extended the medical services contract for another
3 years, but it has to be approved by Congress and might run into
trouble with lawmakers critical of the terms first signed in 2013.

The doctors work in some of Brazil's remotest regions, winning support
of local mayors. That support, and municipal elections in October, might
make Congress think twice about abruptly ending the program.

Cuba's biggest doctors abroad program is with oil exporter Venezuela in
exchange for crude and money, where collapsing crude prices have
triggered economic chaos. Those shipments are stable at around 90,000
barrels a day.

CASH FLOW

Cuba has already tightened its belt. The government began cutting
imports and asking for longer payment terms from foreign suppliers last
year and has been late meeting its obligations this year, according to
Western diplomats and businessmen.

"They clearly have a cash flow problem. Some of our companies are being
paid and others are not," a European ambassador said on Monday.

The government has said it expects economic growth to slow in 2016 from
4 percent last year.

Brazil's government says it paid Cuba more than $500 million for the
doctors' services in 2015, and another $100 million went to the doctors
themselves.

Rousseff is not the first leftist ally Cuba has lost in the past year.
Argentina's leftist Peronists lost power at the last election in
November. And there are deep concerns in Cuba over political stability
in Venezuela, where President Nicolas Maduro is struggling with a deep
recession and a stronger opposition.

"Latin America and the Caribbean are feeling the effects of a strong and
well planned counter offensive by the imperialists and oligarchy," Cuban
President Raul Castro charged last month at a gathering of Communist
Party leaders.

Nevertheless, he has worked in recent years to broaden Cuba's circle of
friends by putting behind decades of hostility with Washington and
improving its reputation with creditors.

"The crises in these Latin American countries just underscores Raul's
decision to normalize relations with the United States, to come to terms
with Western creditors and sign a cooperation agreement with the
European Union," said Bert Hoffman, a Latin American expert at the
German Institute of Global and Area Studies.

Source: What Dilma Rousseff's Fall Means for Cuba -
http://europe.newsweek.com/brazil-dilma-rousseff-cuba-raul-castro-havana-impeachment-senate-vote-temer-459454?rm=eu Continue reading
… residents. For various socioeconomic reasons, Cubans have few children -- less … developed countries with similar figures, Cuba does not have immigration. Professor … University of Havana told Anadolu Agency that “fertility in Cuba has been … the study. The percentage of Cubans aged 60 and older is … Continue reading
Investing In Cuba: Balancing The Risk
By VW Staff on May 12, 2016 4:04 pm in Business
K. M. Paparelli
Weber, Crabb & Wein
May 11, 2016

Abstract:

There is no doubt that Cuba is working hard to attract foreign
investors. In 2014 its foreign investing laws were completely reformed
to accommodate this, however, it may be too early to determine whether
these reforms actually reduce investor risk. For foreign investors ready
to make the move challenges abound. The focus of this paper is to
explore the potential risks investors may face pursuing opportunities in
Cuba.

Investing In Cuba: Balancing The Risk

Change is on the Horizon

Cuba has been in an accelerated state of adapting and adjusting since
2011. Zamora, 2015a, p. 138) The entire economic landscape is currently
under reconstruction with diversification of international trade,
domestic restrictions being lifted, and Cuban nationals being encouraged
to develop entrepreneurial ventures. (Piccone & Trinkunas 2014, p. 1-2)
Cuban Entrepreneurs, who comprise eleven percent of the local labor
force, are being trained, in part, through the work of Proyecto Cuba
Emprende, a school run by the Catholic Church of Cuba dedicated to
equipping Cuban entrepreneurs. Since 2012, there have already been
nearly 2000 graduates.

Reforming Foreign Investing Laws

In April of 2014 the Cuban Legislature adopted Law No. 118, known as the
Foreign Investment Act, to strengthen guarantees for investors and offer
increased tax incentives in the form of credits and exemptions that
allow for flexibility in customs procedures. (Cuban Law No. 118, 2014)
The Foreign Investment Act also reformed foreign direct investment with
diversification of markets, access to advanced technology, and a
substitution of importation, giving priority to agriculture. (Law No.
118, Ch. XVII, art. 61) The law promises greater protection against
expropriation, repatriation of dividends and profits free from taxes in
convertible currency and tax incentives including reduced profit tax,
exemption from income tax and the elimination of the labor tax. (Law No.
118, Ch. III, art. 3, art. 4.1 & art 9.1)

Modes of International Investing in Cuba

The Cuban State encourages three modes of international investing
including: (1) International Economic Association Contracts (IEA); (2)
full foreign capital company; and (3) joint ventures consisting of both
Cuban and foreign shareholders. (Law No. 118, Ch. V, art. 12.) Matias F.
Travieso-Diaz and Charles P. Trumbull IV (2003) described the IEA as an
entity that: "[D]oes not require the establishment of a legal entity
separate from the contracting investors. IEAs are normally established
because the contracting parties can meet a common objective through
cooperation."(p. 182)

A full foreign capital company is still disfavored by the Cuban State
and rarely seen in operation, however, when it does happen it is
established through registration with the Chamber of Commerce and
authorized by the Cuban government. (Travieso-Diaz & Trumbull IV, pg.
182) That leaves the joint venture, the most favored choice of the Cuban
State. (Travieso-Diaz & Trumbull IV, p. 182)

The Joint Venture

Joint Ventures accounted for an estimated $1.9 billion in exports in
Cuba in 2008, with eighty percent coming from a very small number of
firms including Sherritt International, Habanos, Havana Club rum, Rio
Zaza, & BM and Sol Meliá according to Richard Feinberg in his 2013
report Foreign Investment in the New Cuban Economy.xi

Further, the report stated Cuba has added $3.5 billion to savings and
investments from foreign direct investments in the last two decades.
(Feinberg, 2013) Popular joint ventures between the Cuban government and
foreign investors usually include: natural resource exploration,
construction, agriculture production, hotel administration and
professional service areas. (Miranda Diaz, 2015) xii However, foreign
direct investments accounted for only seven percent of Cuba's domestic
output in 2013 and joint ventures employed less than one percent (or
34,000 workers) of the active labor force. (Feinberg, 2013)

These figures may bolster investor confidence, however, it is important
to remember that these are joint ventures with the Cuban State. Disputes
between partners and judicial resolution can prove to be tenuous.
(Paparelli, 2015) The only private Cuban citizens who may incorporate
businesses or form joint ventures are those seeking self-employment such
as taxicab services, restaurants, and similar small businesses, or
cooperatives consisting of associations of self-employed persons such as
taxi drivers. (Feinberg, 2013)

For investors interested in forming a joint venture Chapter V, Article
14.1 of the Foreign Investment Act provides the following guidance: (1)
start with a company incorporated with nominal shares; (2) the
proportion of shares need to be agreed upon by the shareholders; (3)
offices may be maintained in Cuba or abroad; (4) a document created by a
notary deed must include the social rules; (5) an inscription in the
Cuban commercial registry is required and; (6) any changes to the
shareholders require State approval. (Law No. 118, 2014) xiii According
to Cuban attorney Miranda Diaz (2015), controlling ownership in a Cuban
joint venture can be negotiated at the time of contracting.

Import and Export

In an effort to encourage foreign import and export, Cuba has recently
allowed the building of the Mariel Port and Free-Trade Zone by
Odebrecht, a Brazilian construction company. (Morris, 2014) xiv This
joint venture with Brazilian bank, BNDES, is believed to be "the largest
infrastructure investment since 1990." (Morris, 2014) Raul Castro said
of the Port: "This container terminal, and the powerful infrastructure
accompanying it, are a concrete example of the optimism and confidence
with which we Cubans see a socialist and prosperous future." (George,
2014)xv Chapter X, Article 26.1 of the Foreign Investing Act
specifically provides that, "Joint ventures, national and foreign
investors which are parties to international economic association
agreements and totally foreign capital companies shall be entitled, in
accordance with the provisions set for such purposes, to directly export
and import whatever is needed for their operation."

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