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Daily Archives: May 25, 2016

Sobre el restablecimiento de relaciones entre Cuba y EEUU, Biscet opinó que no se debería dar tanta credibilidad a “una dictadura totalitaria”, y que "hasta ahora no hemos visto que haya prosperidad en el pueblo”. Continue reading
“El problema de cómo tratar a los inmigrantes cubanos es uno de los problemas para los que Caimán parece no tener una solución adecuada”, afirmó el editorial titulado “Devuélvase al remitente: la política de Cayman sobre los migrantes cubanos”. Continue reading
14ymedio, Generation Y, Yoani Sanchez, Havana, 25 May 2016 – People with whom we share sorrows and joys are a reflection of ourselves, however different they may appear. As friends we choose them to accompany us, but also to complete us, with the diversity and continuity that our human nature needs. The problem is when … Continue reading "Shameful Friends / 14ymedio, Yoani Sanchez" Continue reading

El encuentro se centra en ofrecer “una actualización de las políticas y prioridades del Gobierno con respecto a Cuba”

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EFE (via 14ymedio), Maria Tejero Martin, Oslo, 24 May 2016 – Danilo Maldonado is known as El Sexto the name engraved in ink on his skin and that he paints on the walls of Havana to plant an idea of freedom in his compatriots, like a seed that flourishes and breaks the “dangerous myths” that, … Continue reading "‘El Sexto’: “Myths are very dangerous, but an idea can break them.” / 14ymedio, Maria Tejero Martin" Continue reading

La crisis venezolana marca el arranque de la precampaña electoral en España, donde los principales partidos se están enfrentando por sus posiciones respecto al Gobierno de Nicolás Maduro. Los españoles vuelven en junio a las urnas dada la incapacidad de los partidos políticos de llegar a alianzas para formar gobierno tras las últimas elecciones.

[La crisis venezolana en DIARIO DE CUBA]

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El último vuelo partió este miércoles Continue reading
Fundado el 22 de noviembre de 2007 CONSEJO DE DIRECCIÓN Juan González Febles: director, Luís Cino Álvarez: sub-director, Ana M. Torricella: diseño web y fotografía CONSEJO DE REDACCIÓN: Luís Cino Álvarez: Editor jefe, Rogelio Fabio Hurtado, COORDINADORA: Ainí Martín PERIODISTAS: Paulino Alfonso,  Frank Cosme, Osmar Laffita email: primaveradigital2011@gmail.com http://www.primaveradigital.net COLABORARON […] Continue reading
En la reunión se habló de la cooperación ruso-cubana en los ámbitos de comercio y economía, farmacéutica, espacio, turismo, educación y altas tecnologías. Continue reading
La Habana, Cuba, Redacción, (PD) De acuerdo a la información recibida por vía telefónica en nuestra Redacción facilitada por Guillermo Fariñas Hernández, premio Andrei Sajarov y líder nacional de Frente Anti Totalitario Unido (FANTU), esta agrupación política opositora realizó un ayuno desde las 6PM del 24 de mayo hasta las […] Continue reading
Hasta la fecha el derecho a investigar se les ha reconocido únicamente a intelectuales de probada adscripción o docilidad hacia el régimen Continue reading
Al pueblo cubano se le niega utilizar la bandera como prenda, mientras el gobierno la manipula a conveniencia

El presidente de Rusia, Vladímir Putin, se reunió este miércoles en Moscú con el primer vicepresidente de Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel, para tratar diversos asuntos de las relaciones bilaterales entre los dos gobiernos, informaron medios rusos.

Díaz-Canel, que llegó a este país procedente de Bielorrusia, tendrá el jueves otro encuentro con el primer ministro ruso, Dmitri Medvédev, para tratar en primer lugar proyectos energéticos e industriales conjuntos de los dos países, según el Gobierno de Rusia.

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Lady in White Berta Soler Threatened With Prison / 14ymedio

14ymedio, Havana, 24 May 2016 — Berta Soler, leader of the Ladies in
White, faces a prison sentence of three months to five years for the
alleged crime of resistance. The activist was arrested last Sunday when
she attempted to go to the Cathedral of Havana for the inauguration of
the new archbishop of the capital. After being charged by the
authorities, she is required to available to them at all times and
cannot leave Cuba before her trial. "I didn't become an opponent [of the
regime] in order to travel and I am prepared to go to prison if that is
the decision. I won't even get a lawyer," Soler told 14ymedio.

The group of 31 activists, among them 22 Ladies in White, was
intercepted on leaving the Ladies in White's headquarters in the Lawton
neighborhood. The repudiation rally against them before the Sunday Mass
was organized for 9 in the morning and involved many people who were not
even from the neighborhood. "Although we already knew we wouldn't be
able to get there," Berta Soler said, "we decided to leave [for the
church] because our house is not a jail cell." As commonly occurs,
tempers flared and finally the police arrived to arrest them.

"When they stopped us we sat down, which is a common practice in peace
movements around the world, except in Cuba," Soler emphasized.

Berta Soler was driven to the Alamar neighborhood where, she said, there
was "a classroom reserved by the PNR (People's Revolutionary Police)."
At about six or seven in the evening they told her that this time there
would be formal charges. "At first they said that I had scratched a
policewoman, but eventually they dismissed the charge of attack," she said.

That night an official who said she was the investigator/prosecutor on
her case told her that she was accused of resistance. "I didn't respond
in any way and went to sleep. At a quarter to ten at night they came to
find me to sign the accusation but I didn't sign any document. We (and
they as well) have videos that show I never lifted a hand to anyone
or attack anyone, not even verbally."

Berta Soler says she has no problem complying with the requirement that
she not leave the country. "At the moment I have no plans for any trip.
The closest is an idea to go to Geneva, but that still has not
materialized. If before [the trial], or at any time I need to leave the
country for some event, they will have to stop me from traveling at the
airport itself," she said.

The date of her trial has not been set.

Source: Lady in White Berta Soler Threatened With Prison / 14ymedio –
Translating Cuba -
http://translatingcuba.com/lady-in-white-berta-soler-threatened-with-prison-14ymedio/ Continue reading
Cuba is Not Brazil or Venezuela / 14ymedio, Pedro Campos

14ymedio, Pedro Campos, Havana, 24 May 2016 – The receding tide of the
populist wave in Latin America, in particular the delicate situation in
Venezuela and the ouster of Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff, has
uncovered all kinds of speculation about the supposed relationship of
cause and effect controlling political-economic and social process in Cuba.

Those who are still waiting for the problems within the island to be
solved believe they can be resolved from outside, while the 'statist
fundamentalists' take advantage of the 'threat' to entrench themselves
in their anti-democratic and anti-socialist positions.

However, Cuba is not Brazil or Venezuela, in any sense. Its processes
have different origins, circumstances and dissimilar dynamics of
development and, therefore, an evolution that proceeds along uneven paths.

Suffice it to recall that this populist wave began almost 40 years after
the triumph of the Cuban Revolution of 1959, at a time of the sharp
decline, due to natural exhaustion, and the disappearance of the
socialist camp, and that Hugo Chavez came to power through democratic
means, subject to the general principles of democracy and its mechanisms.

Now, it is precisely the setting aside of these democratic institutions
and the assumption of authoritarianism that is at the center of the
reversal of that wave.

This has nothing to do with the emergence and evolution of the Cuban
political process, its origin and its authoritarian essence. It emerged
as an offshoot of the violence and social polarization inherited from
Batista's coup d'etat and the subsequent armed confrontation. This made
possible a government that went against the grain of the demand for
democracy that served as a base of support for the fight against the
Batista dictatorship and that was built on the confrontation between the
United States and the USSR, during the Cold War.

The "socialism of the Cuban state," which is neither socialist nor
Cuban, was not what inspired this wave, but it rode it for its own
benefit, encouraged the confrontation with "American imperialism" that
feeds the geopolitics of its subsistence and, in any case, encouraged
its authoritarian and state-centric tendencies that brought it to the
current situation.

We mustn't forget that it was Chavez and his oil that made possible the
abandonment of the reforms forced by the fall of the socialist camp and
the subsequent so-called "Special Period in a Time of Peace" in Cuba—a
time of severe economic crisis after the loss of the Soviet subsidies.

We must also remember that the paradigms of the so-called 21st Century
Socialism, which originated and gave strength to this wave, were related
to democracy and participatory budgets leading to greater citizen
involvement in decision making of all kinds, with the direct
intervention of workers in the property, management and distribution of
wealth and the Marxist concept of the law of value, pushed by Hugo
Chavez, Heinz Dieterich and the People's Summit held in Cochabamba,
Bolivia, in 2006.

These fundamentals were never adopted by the Cuban
government-party-state and later were gradually abandoned by Chavez
himself in favor of state-centrism.

This phase of decline depresses the influence of the Cuban government in
the region and could affect the support that, for Cuba's state
monopolies, are represented by Venezuelan oil and the billions of
dollars Cuba obtains in "leasing fees" for Cuba doctors and paramedical
personnel hired out in "medical missions" abroad.

But from there to an assumption that the Cuban government is threatened,
is quite a stretch. To expect regional pressures in support of respect
for human, political and civil rights, yes; to imagine a regional
isolation similar to the 1960s, no. Suffice it to recall the new
scenario in Cuba-US relations and the possibilities for economic exchange.

"Only Revolutionaries can destroy this Revolution," Fidel Castro said in
November 2005 at the University of Havana. This is true: the most
dangerous enemies of the Cuban political process, who have been leading
it to stagnation and to the "abyss," are those who themselves are
entrenched in power and who stubbornly impede the advance toward the
democratization of politics and the socialization of the economy.

The political system defined by a dictatorship of the proletariat,
originating in Stalinist Russia and perfected by the guerrillas in
power, liquidated the opposition early on, eliminated its material base
of support by nationalizing everything, and excluded all of the
democratic mechanisms—multi-party elections and the full exercise of
civil and political rights, the recall referendum process, impeachment,
and a democratic constitution—essential to confronting authoritarianism.
These mechanisms must be created from below.

Thus, democratization will be a process, not an act, that demands the
creation of an atmosphere of relaxation and harmony that can facilitate
an inclusive national dialog; the recognition of fundamental freedoms;
moving to a new Constitution that is the fruit of the creation and
democratic and horizontal discussion of the Cuban people and approved by
referendum; promulgation of a new democratic electoral law; and the
establishment of a modern state of law with full functional and
informational transparency, under permanent popular control: a Republic
that is democratic, humanist and supportive, one in which there is room
for everyone.

Source: Cuba is Not Brazil or Venezuela / 14ymedio, Pedro Campos –
Translating Cuba -
http://translatingcuba.com/cuba-is-not-brazil-or-venezuela-14ymedio-pedro-campos/ Continue reading
Inválida debido a una negligencia médica, Dayamis Rosabal se enfrenta hoy a la exclusión
Fundada en 1962, la imprenta de la Dirección Provincial de Cultura de La Habana aún asume una pequeña producción de impresos destinados a las instituciones culturales de la capital
Dos profesionales de la salud cubanas en Colombia decidieron unirse ya a los migrantes varados en Turbo, localizado en la subregión de Urabá en el departamento de Antioquia, mientras otros cientos, disgregados por Bogotá, Medellín y Cali, esperan la menor señal de avance en la negociación de un puente aéreo a México, para sumarse al grupo. “Los compañeros míos en Bogotá estoy segura que están esperando una señal para venir... Continue reading
Cuba is making a big step toward capitalism
Michael Weissenstein, Associated Press

HAVANA (AP) — Cuba announced Tuesday that it will legalize small- and
medium-sized private businesses in a move that could significantly
expand private enterprise in one of the world's last communist countries.

Cuban business owners and economic experts said they were hopeful the
reform would allow private firms to import wholesale supplies and export
products to other countries for the first time, removing a major
obstacle to private business growth.

"This is a tremendously important step," said Alfonso Valentin Larrea
Barroso, director-general of Scenius, a cooperatively run economic
consulting firm in Havana. "They're creating, legally speaking, the
non-state sector of the economy. They're making that sector official."

While the government offered no immediate further details, the new
business categories appear to be the next stage in reforms initiated by
President Raul Castro after he took over from his brother Fidel Castro
in 2008. While those reforms have allowed about half a million Cubans to
start work in the private sector, the process has been slow and marked
by periodic reversals.

The government has regularly cracked down on private businesses that
flourish and compete with Cuba's chronically inefficient state
monopolies. The latest backlash came after President Barack Obama met
private business owners during his March 20-22 visit to Cuba, prompting
hard-line communists to warn that the U.S. wants to turn entrepreneurs
into a tool to overturn the island's socialist revolution.

The Communist Party documents, published in a special tabloid sold at
state newsstands Tuesday, said a category of small, mid-sized and
"micro" private business was being added to a master plan for social and
economic development approved by last month's Cuban Communist Party
Congress. The twice-a-decade meeting sets the direction for the
single-party state for the coming five years.

The 32-page party document published Tuesday is the first comprehensive
accounting of the decisions taken by the party congress, which was
closed to the public and international press. State media reported few
details of the debate or decisions taken at the meeting but featured
harsh rhetoric from leading officials about the continuing threat from
U.S. imperialism and the dangers of international capitalism.

That tough talk, it now appears, was accompanied by what could be a
major step in Cuba's ongoing reform of its centrally planned economy.

"Private property in certain means of production contributes to
employment, economic efficiency and well-being, in a context in which
socialist property relationships predominate," reads one section of the
"Conceptualization of the Cuban Economic and Social Model of Socialist
Development."

Vanessa Arocha, a 56-year-old architect who makes hand-made purses and
bags at home under a self-employed worker's license, said she dreamed of
forming a legally recognized small business that could import supplies
and machinery and hire neighbors looking for extra income.

"I could import fittings, zippers, vinyl," she said. "Being a small
business would be a new experience, one we know little about, but
something very positive."

The government currently allows private enterprise by self-employed
workers in several hundred job categories ranging from restaurant owner
to hairdresser. Many of those workers have become de-facto small
business owners employing other Cubans in enterprises providing vital
stimulus to Cuba's stagnant centrally planned economy.

The Cuban government blames the half-century-old U.S. trade embargo on
Cuba for strangling the island's economy. Cuba's new class of
entrepreneurs say the embargo is a major obstacle but also lodges
frequent, bitter complaints about the difficulties of running a business
in a system that does not officially recognize them.

Low-level officials often engage in crackdowns on successful businesses
for supposed violations of the arcane rules on self-employment. And the
government maintains a monopoly on imports and export that funnels badly
needed products exclusively to state-run enterprises.

Due to its dilapidated state-run economy, Cuba imports most of what it
consumes, from rice to air conditioners. Most private businesses are
forced to buy scarce supplies from state retail stores or on the black
market, increasing the scarcity of basic goods and driving up prices for
ordinary Cubans. Many entrepreneurs pay networks of "mules" to import
goods in checked airline baggage, adding huge costs and delays.

The latest change will almost certainly take months to become law. Such
reforms typically require formal approval by Cuba's National Assembly,
which meets only twice a year.

_____

Michael Weissenstein on Twitter: https://twitter.com/mweissenstein

Source: Cuba to legalize small and medium-sized private businesses -
Business Insider -
http://www.businessinsider.com/ap-cuba-to-legalize-small-and-medium-sized-private-businesses-2016-5?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=referral Continue reading
Surviving in Cuba
May 24, 2016
Verónica Vega

HAVANA TIMES — My friend recently told me that he feels like he doesn't
understand Cubans anymore, and that he feels out of place.

"I don't know if it's just me who's got it wrong", he confessed confused
"but I see so much craziness everywhere, and I ask myself why people
just accept it and why nobody reacts anymore". I tried to comfort him
saying I know other people who feel the same way, including myself.

Day after day, I see a number of events which confirm this sentiment.
Travelling on a 400 bus, I witnessed an argument between a 40-something
year old man and a teenager. The young woman was standing blocking the
back exit, even though she wasn't getting off at any of the next stops,
so the man pushed her cruelly whilst getting onto the bus.

There's no good reason to get in the way of other passengers and it's
something which has become a bad habit for young people who travel to
the beach: they take up the bus like it were their own private vehicle.

However, the man's aggressive response really astonished me, especially
when you bear in mind the fact that the young teenager could have been
his daughter. But, things got worse when a friend who was travelling
with her butted in.

"If she were a man, you wouldn't talk to her like that", she rebuked.

The man attacked her too showing signs of being ready to get physically
violent. All of this happened right next to me, and I began to say to
him: "Listen, what's wrong with you? Can't you see she's pregnant?"
Blinded with rage, he hadn't noticed this very important detail and the
young woman, also flushed with anger, began shouting: "No, fuck the
belly…!" and I don't even want to imagine what would have happened if
another man hadn't intervened taking the first man by the arm and saying
in a complicit tone: "Leave it, just leave it".

That was my second surprise because a few minutes before this happened,
I had heard the young girl talking to the teenager and say: "This is
coming out", (referring to her pregnancy), as if it were a spot or a wart.

A few days beforehand, I saw two senior people arguing in a bus without
any composure, insulting eachother like kids do: Ah, old woman, you're
so ugly… was one of the "arguments" which made the entire crowd laugh. I
remember what I was told time and time again when I was child about
respecting our elders, the age-old idea that they are "wiser and to be
revered".

Waiting in line to use the Internet service at the Alamar post office,
people were talking about the topic of internet access cards, and a
woman said that she knew "firsthand" that 500 cards were made daily but
that none of these reached us because they were first sold to resellers
for 2.15 or 2.50 CUC. That's why customers are then forced to pay 3 CUC.
And she immediately followed this up with: "This directly harms me, but
I understand, everyone has to struggle to get by".

How could I talk to her about how important it is to not keep on
destroying the poor social fabric which maintains us. Just minutes
before, a woman in the line had said to me: "I can't wait for the
internet to be freely available, can you imagine? That you could connect
at home. Why doesn't the government just do that already? We're going to
have to pay for it anyway". I answered: "Because the governmnt doesn't
want people to see websites where they can find information which
contradicts what they say". "What?" she asked. "Websites where you can
access political information". "Ah…!", she said showing she'd
understood. And she added: "But people won't do that, with how expensive
the internet will be, nobody will look up that rubbish".

I stood there thinking that this "rubbish" was the reason why we don't
have internet at home, and not to mention free or even for a reasonable
price. But how was I going to get onto such a touchy subject.

Once when I was at a cafe, an old man enthusiastically told the waitor
and other customers that the price of milk had gone down, and added with
nostalgia all over his face: "With how much I like to drink a glass of
milk in the morning…" Then his expression changed as he said
disheartened: "It's too bad that money can't be found anywhere".

I couldn't help myself and interrupted saying: "Of course, sir, because
salaries are still the fundamental problem. If anything is really going
to change, salaries need to be increased".

My comment was received by an awkward silence. Then, I remembered a sign
I'd seen sometime ago in a cafe: "Talking about the thing is
prohibited", a sentence which became recurrent because of the fear
business owners had that social unrest which spontaneously broke out
amongst their customers, could become a danger to their interests.

The concept of survival in Cuba can be summed up perfectly in a phrase I
heard from a man talking about his business: "It doesn't kill me, but it
doesn't let me live neither."

Meanwhile however, whilst there is a wide sea to throw yourself into, a
house to sell in order to pay for your illegal exit, a way to "deviate
resources", or in the worst of cases, a bottle of rum, why are we going
to talk about more sound solutions?

After all, "this place doesn't sink because it's made of cork", so we
carry on dancing and smiling which has become our stamp for export, and
what an effect it has on the tourists!

Source: Surviving in Cuba - Havana Times.org -
http://www.havanatimes.org/?p=118979 Continue reading
Fund bets counter to US trade embargo against Cuba
Written by Camila Cepero on May 24, 2016

In anticipation of the era when the US trade embargo against Cuba is a
thing of the past, Thomas J. Herzfeld's Caribbean Basin Fund has been
packing its portfolio with companies that he believes will get a "large
boost in business" when the time comes.

The US embargo against Cuba, which has been in place since the 1960s,
maintains a policy of economic sanctions and diplomatic isolation of Cuba.

Now, as the US administration seems to be strengthening its relationship
with the Cuban government, some experts point to better prospects for
Cuba-US relations

"The fund has been in existence for a quarter of a century and it has
done quite well," said Thomas J. Herzfeld, founder of Thomas J. Herzfeld
Advisors Inc., the investment advisor to The Herzfeld Caribbean Basin
Fund Inc.

"Original investors have more than doubled their money as a result of a
good portfolio of stocks."

Since 1994, Thomas J. Herzfeld Advisors has managed the publicly traded
closed-end Herzfeld Caribbean Basin Fund.

According to the firm's website, it is the first-ever fund formed to
invest specifically in the Caribbean region, including Cuba (as legally
permissible), seeking long-term capital appreciation.

"We've selected companies that we think will get a large boost in
business" when Cuba opens, Mr. Herzfeld said.

Investors in the fund fall into three categories, he said.

There are the individual investors, the entrepreneurial investors "who
maybe would like to start a business in Cuba," and the large corporate
investors "who have been working on strategic plans for many years."

The fund does well even if there is no economic change, he said. It has
investments in hospitality, shipping and construction material companies.

"We also work with corporations. They know we've been working with this
for 25 years," Mr. Herzfeld said.

About 5% of the fund's assets are invested in shares of Carnival Corp.,
the world's largest cruise ship operator. Carnival this month began
cruises to Cuba.

"Mom-and-pop Cuban-Americans who would like to be involved in Cuba –
maybe they own a hardware store or a pharmacy and would like to expand
into Cuba – many people like that are invested in the fund," Mr.
Herzfeld said.

The firm was "rather extensively" involved with Airbnb, a website where
people can rent unique accommodations from local hosts in over 191
countries, before the company expanded into Cuba last year, he said. "We
gave them some ideas."

The site now offers over 4,000 Cuban listings and has had over 13,000
bookings in Cuba.

When Cuba-US news makes headlines, the fund "tends to be the focus of
attention," Mr. Herzfeld said. The fund reacts to news – both good and bad.

In 1996, after Cuba shot down a Brothers to the Rescue aircraft flown by
members of the exile organization known for its opposition to the Cuban
government, the fund's stocks also took a hit.

But "during the first visit of Pope Francis [in September] shares were
up sharply," Mr. Herzfeld said.

"The stock tends to be very sensitive to news," he said. "When Obama
made his first remarks in December 2014 – stocks doubled."

Source: Fund bets counter to US trade embargo against Cuba - Miami Today
-
http://www.miamitodaynews.com/2016/05/24/fund-bets-counter-us-trade-embargo-cuba/ Continue reading
Communist Cuba Concedes Private Businesses Are Good For Economy
JP CARROLL
National Security & Foreign Affairs Reporter
8:38 AM 05/25/2016

The Communist government of Cuba announced Tuesday it will legalize
small-and medium-sized business ownership, allowing some Cuban
enterprises to come out of the dark.

Specifics of the policy shift were laid out in 32 pages in a state-run
tabloid, according to the Associated Press. The Cuban Communist Party
decided to make this change during its Party Congress meeting, which
happens once every five years, and it is the first time the government
shared policy plans in specific detail

Currently, businesses in Cuba are barred from selling products abroad or
from bringing in outside raw materials since the government does not
recognize them as legal.

This policy change is just the latest move in favor of economic
liberalization — Cubans gained the right to buy and sell property as of
November 2011.

President Barack Obama visited the island nation, which is just 90 miles
away from the U.S., back in March. Obama is the first U.S. president to
visit the country since Calvin Coolidge.

Cuban officials were angered when Obama met with the country's business
leaders during his visit, because the government did not recognize them
as legitimate.

The Carnival Corporation sent its first cruise from the U.S. to Cuba
since 1978 in May. Ties between the U.S. and Cuba were normalized in
December 2014, meaning that diplomats from both countries can directly
deal with one another rather than through intermediaries, as was
previously done.

Source: Communist Cuba Will Allow Some Private Businesses | The Daily
Caller -
http://dailycaller.com/2016/05/25/communist-cuba-concedes-private-businesses-are-good-for-economy/ Continue reading
‘La corrupción en la justicia cubana es grave’ DDC | Oslo | 25 Mayo 2016 – 9:42 am. El Centro de Información Legal Cubalex lleva más de 15 años prestando orientación gratuita a cubanos que deben enfrentarse, sin recursos y apenas información, al sistema legal del régimen. Cubalex también asesora a nacionales y extranjeros en […] Continue reading


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Las TRD habilitarán puntos de acceso Wi-fi
Cuba puso a la venta el martes un tabloide especial que incluye el proyecto para la conceptualización del modelo económico y social. No ha sido hecho público por otras vías pese al reclamo de una mayor divulgación de cubanos dentro y fuera de la isla. Continue reading

The Congressional Budget Office found savings in a proposed bill

Its sponsors are U.S. Rep. Carlos Curbelo and Sen. Marco Rubio

Both South Florida Republicans want to pitch the law as a way to trim the federal budget

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Regina Coyula

Para los cubanos que semanalmente actualizan el entretenimiento doméstico con el ya famoso, privado y anónimo Paquete, es familiar un subtítulo en brillantes letras amarillo verdosas al comienzo de las películas. Ese infaltable www.gnula.nu, de tanto salir, espoleó mi curiosidad; me era imposible reconocer a qué país correspondía esa extensión; así que acudí a la siempre útil Wikipedia.

Sorpresa. El país del sitio pirata de las películas que vemos en casa es Niue, un atolón con ínfulas de islita, adscrito a Nueva Zelanda. En 1996, un norteamericano (que no vive en Niue, por cierto) se hizo con los derechos del .nu y en 2003 se fundó la Internet Society of Niue, que ofreció a las autoridades locales convertir la cuasi isla en la primera nación wifi del mundo. Redondearon la oferta con una computadora gratis para cada niño. Nada espectacular; hablamos de una población de apenas 1.300 habitantes.

La ironía es que el .nu genera enormes ganancias, mientras que los habitantes de Niue que desean conectarse desde su casa y no desde el único cibercafé están obligados a pagar por la instalación y por el servicio.

Así me entero de otra curiosidad: la segunda extensión más utilizada en internet después del .com corresponde a otro lugarcito en un rincón del Pacífico del que tampoco tenía noticias, un grupo de islotes de apenas 11 kilómetros cuadrados. Tokelau se llama este lugar cuyo dominio .tk eclosionó en 2009 al ofrecerse de forma gratuita y hoy es el hogar virtual de cientos de miles de sitios de dudosa probidad.

La forma en que se gestionan los dominios territoriales de cada país (ccTLD) es muy diferente. La Corporación de Internet para la Asignación de Nombres y Números (ICANN) ha dejado a discreción de cada país el quién y el cómo. Muchos países lo tienen privatizado, ya sea en manos de instituciones o empresas creadas al efecto, mientras que en otros es una entidad adscrita a un organismo estatal.

Ambas formas de operar los ccTLD tienen ventajas y desventajas. Desregular las extensiones inclina la balanza hacia las empresas de mayor rentabilidad en detrimento de organismos, ONG e instituciones con fines sociales y culturales. Disminuye la influencia de los gobiernos, lo cual puede gravitar negativamente en la soberanía de países con economías frágiles o en países jóvenes o pequeños. Como contraparte, la administración regulada por el Estado tiende a proteger los intereses sociales y culturales, una gestión exitosa puede ingresar ganancias que impacten positivamente en la vida nacional. Sucede también que las normativas para comprar un ccTLD resulten restrictivas o discriminatorias, amparadas en un reglamento deliberadamente vago para ser aplicado a discreción, como en el caso de nuestro .cu.

[[QUOTE:¿Quién gobierna internet? Cualquier observador recién llegado afirmaría que lo gobierna Estados Unidos]]En el entorno latinoamericano, Argentina es el único país en ofrecer un sitio de forma gratuita; de ahí los millones de sitios de extensión .ar. Esta gratuidad está por cambiar porque se estudia la forma de hacerlos de pago. En Chile y Nicaragua se administra a través de universidades públicas. En Guatemala es también una universidad, pero privada.

Regulados por el Estado, aparecen Venezuela con la Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (Conatel) y Cuba, a través de la Empresa de Tecnologías de la Información y Servicios Telemáticos Avanzados (CITMATEL).

Colombia, y sin entrar en detalles sobre sus antecedentes, es reflejo de un debate similar y vigente en muchos países. Una empresa privada es dueña de su ccTLD y opina que el hecho de que el 89% de los dueños de un sitio .co sean extranjeros radicados fuera del país, lejos de vulnerar la identidad nacional, internacionaliza a Colombia y lleva su marca al mundo entero. Lo que subyace en estos debates es que el mercado se imponga sobre los valores culturales y poco puedan hacer los nacionales en defensa de su patrimonio intangible.

[[QUOTE:El espacio virtual modifica la noción de soberanía, con peligro añadido para la igualdad y la diversidad]]Pero en definitiva, ¿quién gobierna internet? Cualquier observador recién llegado afirmaría que lo gobierna Estados Unidos. En su territorio radican las instituciones y la mayoría de los servidores destinados a organizar lo que de otra forma sería un caos. El ya conocido ICANN, que asigna los Nombres de Dominio (DNS) a las direcciones IP, tiene un contrato con el Gobierno y radica en California. Empresas muy influyentes de internet como Microsoft, Google o Amazon son también norteamericanas. Para septiembre les tendré noticias de cambio; es más, les adelanto que ICANN se independiza del Departamento de Comercio de Estados Unidos.

A esta influencia asimétrica se contrapone el interés de otras partes que participan también de y en internet. Organizaciones internacionales como la del Comercio (OIC), la de la propiedad intelectual o la Unión Internacional de las Comunicaciones se han ido incorporando de conjunto con ICANN. El espacio virtual modifica la noción de soberanía, con peligro añadido para la igualdad y la diversidad; por lo que el término gobernanza ha cobrado importancia en el diseño de las políticas, donde confluyen gobiernos, sociedad civil, empresas, académicos e innovadores técnicos.

De la misma forma que los innovadores técnicos han puesto en nuestras manos el protocolo que garantiza el acceso a internet desde cualquier tipo de dispositivo de forma abierta, toca a la gobernanza establecer políticas aun cuando no sean vinculantes, para garantizar la libertad de expresión e información, el acceso pleno y los límites del control.

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Dos peloteros cubanos, los jardineros Alexei Bell y Yordanis Linares, han sido oficialmente declarados agentes libres, según confirmó el periodista deportivo Jesse Sánchez de MLB.com a través de su cuenta de Twitter.

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A partir del 30 de mayo, la capital de Cuba acogerá a los mejores 'bartenders' del mundo en la final de la 'XI edición del Grand Prix de Coctelería Havana Club', la más prestigiosa competición de preparación de cócteles del mundo. Continue reading
  CRISIS MIGRATORIA

La semana pasada, el total de los cubanos persistía en no abandonar Turbo hasta tener una salida segura a su situación por parte de las autoridades colombianas, después de que unos 400 emigrantes de otras nacionalidades abandonaran el municipio para continuar camino a través de Panamá



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Castro y Kim Yong Chol reafirmaron “el interés por continuar profundizando las históricas relaciones que unen a los dos partidos

Corea del Norte conserva una histórica relación con el país caribeño que se remonta a 1960, durante la época de la Guerra Fría

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El Royal Court de Londres desarrolla en La Habana uno de sus ya tradicionales talleres con dramaturgos cubanos, "extraordinaria experiencia para ambas partes", a juicio de una de sus coordinadores, Elyse Dodgson, citada por la estatal Prensa Latina.

Según la directora de proyectos internacionales de esa institución británica, el proyecto está lleno de retos, pero también de muchas gratificaciones.

Desde el 2002, el Royal Court realiza talleres en la Isla con el fin de estimular la producción de dramaturgos jóvenes, y ahora fueron 14 los escogidos, señaló.

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El general de alto rango dentro de la casta militar norcoreana que visita la isla, Kim Yong Chol, está a cargo de las operaciones de inteligencia y clandestinas en general, entre ellas la guerra cibernética del país asiático contra el mundo occidental. Continue reading
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Las muertes por la acción de los cuerpos de seguridad en Venezuela se duplicaron en 2015 respecto del año anterior y alcanzaron 460 víctimas, la cifra más alta en más de dos décadas. Así lo reveló el martes en un informe el Programa Venezolano de Educación-Acción en Derechos Humanos (Provea), una de las principales organizaciones humanitarias del país, reporta la AP.

[La crisis venezolana en DIARIO DE CUBA]

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Una nueva aplicación para dispositivos móviles, que permite comprobar los precios en ambas monedas de los productos comercializados en las tiendas en divisa de TRD Caribe, está a disposición del público, informó Amílkar Odelín Ante, director de Mercadotecnia de dicha institución, según publicó este miércoles el portal oficial leer más

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Los 100 emigrantes cubanos albergados en Turbo, que confiaban en que se abriera paso un convenio entre gobiernos para continuar rumbo a Estados Unidos, vieron desvanecerse la opción del puente aéreo, según trascendió en una reunión sostenida por las autoridades el lunes.

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