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Daily Archives: April 28, 2017

De formación artística tradicional de lienzo y caballete, dos jóvenes cubanos, Maisel López y Yulier P, han dado el salto al muro al decorar con sus obras las calles de La Habana, donde todavía no existe un movimiento de arte urbano, pero sí emergentes iniciativas aisladas con diferente aceptación, señala un reportaje de EFE.

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… Santiago (AFP / JUAN BARRETO) HAVANA: Cuba plans to reduce spending further … fuel to communist-run Cuba, as well as payments for Cuban professional services … of cash to pay for Cuban services. A boom in tourism … of payments and current account. Cuban President Raul Castro admitted a … Continue reading
Havana, April 28 (RHC)-- The Cuban Council of State approved Thursday … Continue reading
… opened Thursday night with the Cuba premiere of the Sweet Escape … Continue reading
Washington, April 28 (RHC)-- U.S. President Donald Trump has ordered a review of national monuments, potentially opening up millions of acres of public lands to drilling, mining and logging.  Trump says his executive order was aimed at reversing President … Continue reading
Washington, April 28 (RHC)-- The White House says President Donald Trump told the leaders of Canada and Mexico that the U.S. will remain part of NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement, while the president seeks to renegotiate the deal. The … Continue reading
Seoul, April 28 (RHC)-- South Koreans are protesting the U.S. deployment of an anti-missile system in their country.  U.S. troops began installing the missile defense system known as THAAD and that action drew protests from hundreds of villagers in … Continue reading
Washington, April 28 (RHC)-- In the United States, the Pentagon has launched an investigation into former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn after he ignored a warning by the Defense Intelligence Agency not to collect payments by foreign governments. … Continue reading
Ramallah, April 28 (RHC)-- Thousands of Palestinians have launched a general strike in solidarity with prisoners across the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, shutting down public transportation services, shops, businesses, banks and schools. The … Continue reading
Brasilia, April 28 (RHC)-- As daylight broke in Brazil on Friday, scores of labor unions and grassroots organizations began one of the biggest general strikes in the country's history against President Michel Temer’s neo-liberal reforms, bringing the … Continue reading
Havana, April 28 (RHC)-- Brazilian … eastern Santiago de Cuba, where he paid tribute to Cuban Revolution leader … personal friendship with the late Cuban revolutionary leader. At the Santa … --the Father of the Cuban Homeland-- who initiated Cuba's independence … Continue reading
Havana, April 28 (RHC)-- A team of 40 Cuban doctors has … Minister Delia Rivas announced the Cuban team is made up of … the agreement signed by Havana and Tegucigalpa, the Cuban medical brigade will … Continue reading
… health professionals — all women — visited Havana Feb. 26 to March 5 … the Medical Education Cooperation with Cuba sponsored exchange program, which focuses … healthcare practitioners are doing in Havana in breast cancer work is … she hopes to co-collaborate with Cuban healthcare practitioners for breast cancer … Continue reading
Havana, April 28 (RHC)-- Cuba has renewed its unwavering, unconditional … the South American country. The Cuban Foreign Ministry (MINREX) issued a … of democracy. The Cuban foreign ministry stated Cuba's firm support … Continue reading
Havana, April 28 (RHC)-- Cuban President Raúl Castro met Thursday … Presidential Affairs. Participating on the Cuban side were Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla … to his visit with the Cuban head of state, the Seychelles … people of The Seychelles for Cuba's contribution to the … Continue reading
La agencia noticiosa cubana Prensa Latina retoma formalmente este viernes sus operaciones periodísticas en Washington, precisamente medio siglo después que haber interrumpido sus transmisiones por la retirada de la licencia … Click to Continue » Continue reading
Los diez países y territorios del mundo con menos libertad de prensa son Azerbaiyán, Corea del Norte, Crimea, Cuba, Eritrea, Guinea Ecuatorial, Irán, Siria, Turkmenistán y Uzbekistán, según el último … Click to Continue » Continue reading
… Internet in Cuba, even in a big metropolitan area like Havana – and … I did when I visited Havana last year." And even … online media could open many Cubans' eyes to alternative forms … would also be great if Cubans heard directly from the American … Continue reading

La Seguridad del Estado presionó al segundo Jefe de la Prisión 1580 Mayor Eiler Rivera Peña para que el pase temporal que recibe el abogado Julio Ferrer Tamayo fuera a partir de este mes cada 60 días, y no cada 30 como venía recibiéndolo y tiene establecido la prisión para casi la totalidad de los reclusos, informó Ferrer Tamayo a DIARIO DE CUBA.

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Not quite as organized. Facebook.com/fyrefestival Fyre Festival, a luxury music festival on Great Exuma in the Bahamas this weekend, has reportedly descended into chaos. Attendees have complained on Twitter of disorganization, headliners backing out, … Continue reading

La estatal Prensa Latina (PL) retoma formalmente este viernes sus operaciones periodísticas en Washington, justo medio siglo después que haber interrumpido sus transmisiones en Estados Unidos por la retirada de la licencia de funcionamiento, reportó la AFP.

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… . Instead, lack of information on Cuba’s travel experiences (22 percent … percent less than in 2016), Cuban food and rum (13 percent … higher than in 2016), the Cuban people (nine percent/ three … percent/ same as 2016), Cuban cigars (seven percent/ two … Continue reading
… Larson SAN FRANCISCO (CNNMoney) -- Cubans who use Google services will … order to surf the web, Cubans often congregate at cafes, hotels … ," about internet activism in Cuba and other countries. She says … 's entry signals the Cuban government's understanding that … Continue reading

Un equipo infantil cubano de béisbol intervendrá en un torneo en la República Dominicana entre el 22 y el 29 de julio, según informó El Nuevo Herald.

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Mientras intentan lidiar con las consecuencias del huracán Matthew, los habitantes de Baracoa enfrentan otros problemas, como una crisis en la distribución de medicamentos en las farmacias y la falta de algunos reactivos en los hospitales.

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El activista de la Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACUReinier Rodríguez Mendoza, actualmente en prisión, se encuentra en huelga de hambre desde hace más de dos semanas, denunció Carlos Amel Oliva Torres, líder del Frente Juvenil de la organización.

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Del Carmen Foods, which produces Cuban-style black beans in the St … . Cruz-Curoe, who was born in Cuba, started her company in 2004 … Continue reading
PUNE, INDIA, April 28, 2017 /EINPresswire.com/ -- WiseGuyReports.Com Publish a New Market Research Report On – “Global Application Outsourcing in Banking Sector Market 2017 Share,Trend,Segmentation and Forecast to 2022”. This … Continue reading
Energy Storage Systems (ESS) 2017 Global Market Size,Status and Forecast to 2022 PUNE, INDIA, April 28, 2017 /EINPresswire.com/ -- WiseGuyReports.Com Publish a New Market Research Report On – “Energy Storage Systems (ESS) 2017 Market … Continue reading
El Empress of The Seas partirá de viaje este domingo Continue reading
Global Separation Technology for Oil and Gas Market Research Report 2017 PUNE, INDIA, April 28, 2017 /EINPresswire.com/ -- WiseGuyReports.Com Publish a New Market Research Report On – “Separation Technology for Oil and Gas Market 2017 – … Continue reading
Just after dawn on Thanksgiving Day 1999, two South Florida fishermen rescued a 5-year-old boy from the Florida Straits. Thus began the saga of Elián González, who became caught up in a bitter international custody battle. Now, a documentary revisits the painful chapter in Cuban-American history. Elián, the film, mines hundreds of hours of archival news footage from both sides of the Florida Straits, as well as home videos, and interviews with key players. … Click to Continue » Continue reading
… deal in December to provide Cuban users access to the Google … order to surf the web, Cubans often congregate at cafes, hotels … 's entry signals the Cuban government's understanding that … company has hosted anything in Cuba," Madory said. CNNMoney (San … Continue reading

El Gobierno cubano aprobó un plan de Estado para "minimizar" los efectos del cambio climático, que amenaza a la Isla con el aumento del nivel del mar, eventos naturales cada vez más frecuentes y una sequía intensa, informaron este viernes medios oficiales citados por la AFP.

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14ymedio

Freedom House ha vuelto a situar a Cuba entre los peores países para ejercer el periodismo y mantiene en 2017 los 91 puntos asignados a la Isla por la ONG estadounidense el año pasado, según su informe anual sobre la Libertad de prensa publicado este viernes.

Cada año el documento evalúa la calidad del ejercicio de la profesión periodística de los 199 países y territorios analizados mediante una escala de 0 a 100, siendo la libertad de prensa menor a medida que aumenta la puntuación asignada por Freedom House.

Según la ONG, la prensa del 31% de los países encuestados es "libre", un 36% es "parcialmente libre" y en el 33% por ciento restante no existe libertad de prensa.

De esta manera, de los 66 países en los que Freedom House considera que no se ejerce el libre derecho a la información, Cuba se encuentra entre los diez peores que han obtenido una puntuación más elevada y en la que Corea del Norte y Turkmenistán encabezan la lista con 98 puntos, seguido por Uzbekistán (95), Crimea (94), Eritrea (94), Cuba (91), Guinea Ecuatorial (91), Azerbaiyán (90), Irán (90) y Siria (90).

"Aunque Cuba sigue siendo uno de los entornos mediáticos más cerrados del mundo, en 2016 surgieron varios nuevos sitios de noticias en la Isla y otros más ya establecidos ampliaron su alcance", explica la ONG, y señala a su vez que "en respuesta, las autoridades intensificaron las detenciones y la intimidación de periodistas críticos, se apoderaron de sus materiales de trabajo y evitaron que algunos viajaran al extranjero. Sin embargo, el régimen no pudo impedir una mejora en el alcance y la calidad de la información disponible".[[QUOTE:Cuba se encuentra entre los diez peores que han obtenido una puntuación más elevada y en la que Corea del Norte y Turkmenistán encabezan la lista]]En el desglose de indicadores tenidos en cuenta para la elaboración del informe, Cuba obtuvo 28 puntos negativos de 30 en el Entorno Legal, 35 de 40 en el Entorno Político y 28 de 30 en el Entorno Económico, y señala, además, que el índice de penetración de internet en la Isla es de apenas el 31,1%.

No obstante, pese a la bajas cotas de libertad periodística existentes en la Isla, Freedom House ha alertado que "la libertad de prensa global ha descendido hasta su punto más bajo en 13 años en medio de amenazas sin precedentes para los periodistas y los medios de comunicación en las principales democracias, y las nuevas medidas de los estados autoritarios para controlar los medios de comunicación, incluso más allá de sus fronteras".

Este miércoles Reporteros sin Fronteras (RSF) también situó a Cuba en el puesto 173 de su Clasificación Mundial de la Prensa de 2017, en la que, según el sistema de catalogación de la ONG, la Isla se encuentra dos posiciones por debajo con respecto al año pasado, en el peor área de la lista (coloreado en negro) y junto a "las peores dictaduras y los regímenes totalitarios de Asia y Oriente Medio".

cuba es el único país del continente americano y del Caribe que se encuentra en esta parte de la clasificación aproximándose todavía más al final de la lista.

Los análisis sobre la calidad de la libertad de prensa en Cuba publicados por Freedom House y RSF contrastan con el informe de Ataques a la prensa publicado este martes por el Comité para la Protección de los Periodistas (CPJ por sus siglas en inglés), según el cual "el panorama mediático cubano ha comenzado a abrirse en los últimos años", gracias a un tímido aumento de la conectividad de internet y por una generación de periodistas "críticos de las ideas socialistas y que, no obstante, las siguen apoyando".

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El Gobierno de Cuba tiene previsto realizar un nuevo "reajuste" del gasto para el año 2018 y seguir así la línea que ya comenzó el año pasado, cuando aprobó un recorte de las importaciones y una reducción en el uso del combustible y la electricidad tras la primera recesión en casi un cuarto de siglo. Continue reading
… , Mexico, Belize City, Belize and Havana, Cuba. Port Tampa Bay and Royal … Cuba. Carnival's Paradise ship will also begin trips to Havana … are expected to travel to Cuba on 22 cruises from Tampa. Royal Caribbean launches Cuba cruise from Port Tampa Bay … Continue reading

Casi en ruinas y maloliente, utilizado como baño público por los choferes de la actual ruta P10, el emblemático Paradero de la Víbora es otro testimonio de la desastrosa estrategia de transporte urbano seguida en los últimos casi 60 años.

Estrategia que incluyó, por ejemplo, la desaparición de la Cooperativa de Ómnibus Aliados (COA), la más importante empresa de transporte por autobuses de la Isla antes de 1959.

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Global Peat Market Information by Types (Fibric, Hemic) by Application (Fuel & Energy, Agriculture, Domestic, Medicine and Others) and Region - Forecast to 2021 PUNE, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA, April 28, 2017 /EINPresswire.com/ -- Study Objectives … Continue reading

Activistas del Proyecto Capitán Tondique, entre ellos los promotores Francisco Rangel Manzano y Maira García Álvarez, así como Regla Burunate Gómez y Yelena Marrero Gómez, fueron detenidos este viernes en Colón, Matanzas, informó a DIARIO DE CUBA Iván Hernández Carrillo.

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The music event on May 13th attracts top Ambient, New Age, World, Electronic, and Piano artists and their fans to New Orleans for the weekend-long celebration. NEW ORLEANS, LA, USA, April 28, 2017 /EINPresswire.com/ -- In mid-May, like the quiet … Continue reading
Los mandamases cubanos pudieran pedirle que monte algún número musical para promover la marcha del Primero de mayo Continue reading
HAVANA, Cuba, Apr 28 (acn) Gianni Infantino, … exchange with authorities of the Cuban Olympic Committee, the National Institute … its Spanish acronym) and the Cuban Soccer Federation. He will also … and only artificial grass of Cuba. There he will briefly exchange … Continue reading
Corruption Versus Liberty: A Cuban Dilemma / Dimas Castellano

Dimas Castellanos, 18 November 2016 — The evil of corruption–the act of
corruption and its effects–has accompanied the human species since its
emergence. It has been present in all societies and in all ages. Its
diverse causes range from personal conduct to the political-economic
system of each country. In Cuba it appeared in the colonial era, it
remained in the Republic, and became generalized until becoming the
predominant behavior in society.

To understand the regression suffered we must return to the formation of
our morality, essentially during the mixing of Hispanic and African
cultures and the turning towards totalitarianism after 1959, as can be
seen in the following lines.

The conversion of the island into the world's first sugar and coffee
power created many contradictions between slaves and slave owners,
blacks and whites, producers and merchants, Spanish-born and Creole, and
between them and the metropolis. From these contradictions came three
moral aspects: the utilitarian, the civic and that of survival.

Utilitarian morality

The father of utilitarianism, Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), said that
utility is measured by the consequences that actions tend to produce,
and came to the conclusion that all action is socially good when it
tries to procure the greatest possible degree of happiness for the
greatest number of people, and that each person has the right to be
taken into account in the exercise of power.

That thesis of Bentham became a popular slogan synthesized in the
phrase: "The greatest happiness for the greatest number." Such a concept
crystallized in Cuba as a creole variant of a utilitarianism that took
shape in exploitation, smuggling, corruption, banditry, and criminality,
which turned into the violation of everything predisposed as an accepted
norm of conduct in society.

The gift of a plant by the sugar planters to the governor Don Luis de
las Casas; the diversion of funds for the construction of Fortaleza de
la Real Fuerza de la Cabaña, which made it the most expensive fortress
in the world; the gambling house and the cockfighting ring that the
governor Francisco Dionisio Vives had for his recreation in the Castillo
de la Real Fuerza, whose government was known for "the three d's":
dancing, decks of cards, and drinking, for which reason, at the end of
his rule, there appeared a lampoon that said: "If you live (vives) like
Vives, you will live!"; the mangrove groves; bandits like Caniquí, the
black man of Trinidad and Juan Fernandez, the blond of Port-au-Prince …
are some examples.

Utilitarianism reappeared on the republican scene as a discourse of a
political, economic, and military elite lacking in democratic culture,
swollen with personalismo, caudillismo, corruption, violence and
ignorance of anything different. A masterful portrait of this morality
was drawn by Carlos Loveira in his novel Generales y doctores, a side
that resurfaced in the second half of the twentieth century.

Thus emerged the Republic, built on the symbiosis of planters and
politicians linked to foreign interests, with a weak civil society and
with unresolved, deep-rooted problems, as they were the concentration of
agrarian property and the exclusion of black people. The coexistence of
different moral behaviors in the same social environment led to the
symbiosis of their features. Utilitarianism crisscrossed with virtues
and altruisms, concerns and activities on matters more transcendent than
boxes of sugar and sacks of coffee.

Throughout the twentieth century, these and other factors were present
in the Protest of the 13, in the Revolution of the 30, in the repeal of
the Platt Amendment, in the Constituent Assembly of 1939, and in the
Constitution of 1940. Also in the corruption which prevailed during the
authentic governments and in the improvement accomplished by the
Orthodox Dissent and the Society of Friends of the Republic. Likewise,
in the 1952 coup d'etat and in the Moncada attempted counter-coup, in
the civic and armed struggle that triumphed in 1959 and in those who
since then and until now struggle for the restoration of human rights.

Civic morality

Civic morality, the cradle of ethical values, was a manifestation of
minorities, shaped by figures ranging from Bishop Espada, through Jose
Agustín Caballero to the teachings of Father Felix Varela and the
republic "With all and for the good of all" of José Martí. This civic
aspect became the foundation of the nation and source of Cuban identity.
It included concern for the destinies of the local land, the country,
and the nation. It was forged in institutions such as the Seminary of
San Carlos, El Salvador College, in Our Lady of the Desamparados, and
contributed to the promotion of the independence proclamations of the
second half of the nineteenth century, as well as the projects of nation
and republic.

Father Félix Varela understood that civic formation was a premise for
achieving independence and, consequently, chose education as a path to
liberation. In 1821, when he inaugurated the Constitutional Chair at the
Seminary of San Carlos, he described it as "a chair of freedom, of human
rights, of national guarantees … a source of civic virtues, the basis of
the great edifice of our happiness, the one that has for the first time
reconciled for us the law with philosophy."

José de la Luz y Caballero came to the conclusion that "before the
revolution and independence, there was education." Men, rather than
academics, he said, is the necessity of the age. And Jose Marti began
with a critical study of the errors of the War of 1868 that revealed
negative factors such as immediacy, caudillismo, and selfishness,
closely related to weak civic formation.

This work was continued by several generations of Cuban educators and
thinkers until the first half of the twentieth century. Despite these
efforts, a general civic behavior was not achieved. We can find proof of
this affirmation in texts like the Journal of the soldier, by Fermín
Valdés Domínguez, and the Public Life of Martín Morúa Delgado, by Rufino
Perez Landa.

During the Republic, the civic aspect was taken up by minorities.
However, in the second half of the twentieth century their supposed
heirs, once in power, slipped into totalitarianism, reducing the Western
base of our institutions to the minimum expression, and with it the
discourse and practice of respect for human rights.

Survival morality

Survival morality emerged from continued frustrations, exclusions, and
the high price paid for freedom, opportunities, and participation. In
the Colony it had its manifestations in the running away and
insurrections of slaves and poor peasants. During the second half of the
twentieth century it took shape in the lack of interest in work, one of
whose expressions is the popular phrase: "Here there is nothing to die for."

It manifested itself in the simulation of tasks that were not actually
performed, as well as in the search for alternative ways to survive.
Today's Cuban, reduced to survival, does not respond with heroism but
with concrete and immediate actions to survive. And this is manifested
throughout the national territory, in management positions, and in all
productive activities or services.

It is present in the clandestine sale of medicines, in the loss of
packages sent by mail, in the passing of students in exchange for money,
in falsification of documents, in neglect of the sick (as happened with
mental patients who died in the Psychiatric Hospital of Havana of
hypothermia in January 2010, where 26 people died according to official
data), in establishments where merchandise is sold, in the workshops
that provide services to the population, in the sale of fuel "on the
left" and in the diversion of resources destined for any objective.

The main source of supply of the materials used is diversion, theft, and
robbery, while the verbs "escape", "fight" and "solve" designate actions
aimed at acquiring what is necessary to survive. Seeing little value in
work, the survivor responded with alternative activities. Seeing the
impossibility of owning businesses, with the estaticular way (activities
carried out by workers for their own benefit in State centers and with
State-owned materials). Seeing the absence of civil society, with the
underground life. Seeing shortages, with the robbery of the State.
Seeing the closing of all possibilities, with escape to any other part
of the world.

Immersed in this situation, the changes that are being implemented in
Cuba, under the label of Guidelines of Economic and Social Policy of the
PCC, run into the worst situation regarding moral behavior. In this,
unlike in previous times, everyone from high leaders to simple workers
participates. A phenomenon of such a dimension that, despite its
secrecy, has had to be tackled by the official press itself, as can be
seen in the following examples of a whole decade:

The newspaper Juventud Rebelde on May 22, 2001 published an article
titled "Solutions against deception", where it is said that Eduardo, one
of the thousands of inspectors, states that when he puts a crime in
evidence, the offenders come to tell him: "You have to live, you have to
fight." According to Eduardo, neither can explain "the twist of those
who bother when they are going to claim their rights and instead defend
their own perpetrator." It results in the perpetrator declaring that he
is fighting and the victims defending him. The selfless inspector,
thinking that when he proves the violation he has won "the battle," is
wrong. Repressive actions, without attacking the causes, are doomed to
failure.
- The same newspaper published "The big old fraud", reporting that of
222,656 inspections carried out between January and August 2005, price
violations and alterations in product standards were detected in 52% of
the centers examined and in the case of agricultural markets in 68%.
- For its part, the newspaper Granma on November 28, 2003, in "Price
Violations and the Never Ending Battle" reported that in the first eight
months of the year, irregularities were found in 36% of the
establishments inspected; that in markets, fairs, squares, and
agricultural points of sale the index was above 47%, and in gastronomy 50%.
- On February 16, 2007, under the title "Cannibals in the Towers", the
official organ of the Communist Party addressed the theft of angles
supporting high-voltage electricity transmission networks, and it was
recognized that "technical, administrative and legal practices applied
so far have not stopped the banditry. "
- Also, on October 26, 2010, in "The Price of Indolence", reported that
in the municipality of Corralillo, Villa Clara, more than 300 homes were
built with stolen materials and resources, for which 25 kilometers of
railway lines were dismantled and 59 angles of the above-mentioned high
voltage towers were used.

If the official newspapers Granma and Juventud Rebelde had addressed the
close relationship between corruption and almost absolute state
ownership, with which no one can live off the salary, with which
citizens are prevented from being entrepreneurs, and with the lack of
the most elementary civic rights, then they would have understood that
repression alone is useless, that the vigilantes, policemen, and
inspectors are Cubans with the same needs as the rest of the population.

In order to change the course of events, it is necessary to extend the
changes in the economy to the rest of the social spheres, which implies
looking back at citizens' lost liberties, without which the formation
and predominance of civic behavior that the present and future of Cuba
require will be impossible.

Ethics, politics, and freedoms

In Cuba, the state of ethics – a system composed of principles,
precepts, behavior patterns, values and ideals that characterize a human
collective – is depressing; While politics – a vehicle for moving from
the desired to the possible and the possible to the real – is
monopolized by the state. The depressing situation of one and the
monopoly of the other, are closely related to the issue of corruption.
Therefore, its solution will be impossible without undertaking deep
structural transformations.

The great challenge of today's and tomorrow's Cuba lies in transforming
Cubans into citizens, into political actors. A transformation that has
its starting point in freedoms, beginning with the implementation of
civil and political rights. As the most immediate cause of corruption –
not the only one – is in the dismantling of civil society and in the
nationalization of property that took place in Cuba in the early years
of revolutionary power, it is necessary to act on this cause from
different directions.

The wave of expropriations that began with foreign companies, continued
with the national companies, and did not stop until the last fried-food
stand became "property of the whole people", combined with the
dismantling of civil society and the monopolization of politics, brought
as a consequence a lack of interest in the results of work, low
productivity, and the sharp deterioration suffered with the decrease of
wages and pensions. Added to these facts were others such as the
replacement of tens of thousands of owners by managers and
administrators without knowledge of the ABCs of administration or of the
laws that govern economic processes.

The result could not be otherwise: work ceased to be the main source of
income for Cubans. To transform this deplorable situation requires a
cultural action, which, in the words of Paulo Freire, is always a
systematic and deliberate form of action that affects the social
structure, in the sense of maintaining it as it is, to test small
changes in it or transform it.

Paraphrasing the concept of affirmative action, this cultural action is
equivalent to those that are made for the insertion and development of
relegated social sectors. Its concretion includes two simultaneous and
interrelated processes: one, citizen empowerment, which includes the
implementation of rights and freedoms; and two, the changes inside the
person, which unlike the former are unfeasible in the short term, but
without which the rest of the changes would be of little use. The
transformation of Cubans into public citizens, into political actors, is
a challenge as complex as it is inescapable.

Experience, endorsed by the social sciences, teaches that interest is an
irreplaceable engine for achieving goals. In the case of the economy,
ownership over the means of production and the amount of wages
decisively influence the interests of producers. Real wages must be at
least sufficient for the subsistence of workers and their families. The
minimum wage allows subsistence, while incomes below that limit mark the
poverty line. Since 1989, when a Cuban peso was equivalent to almost
nine of today's peso, the wage growth rate began to be lower than the
increase in prices, meaning that purchasing power has decreased to the
point that it is insufficient to survive.

An analysis carried out in two family nuclei composed of two and three
people respectively, in the year 2014, showed that the first one earns
800 pesos monthly and spends 2,391, almost three times more than the
income. The other earns 1,976 pesos and spends 4,198, more than double
what it earns. The first survives because of the remittance he receives
from a son living in the United States; the second declined to say how
he made up the difference.

The concurrence of the failure of the totalitarian model, the aging of
its rulers, the change of attitude that is occurring in Cubans, and the
reestablishment of diplomatic relations with the US, offers better
conditions than previous decades to face the challenge. The solution is
not in ideological calls, but in the recognition of the incapacity of
the State and in decentralizing the economy, allowing the formation of a
middle class, unlocking everything that slows the increase of production
until a reform that restores the function of wages is possible. That
will be the best antidote against the leviathan of corruption and an
indispensable premise to overcome the stagnation and corruption in which
Cuban society is submerged.

Source: Corruption Versus Liberty: A Cuban Dilemma / Dimas Castellano –
Translating Cuba -
http://translatingcuba.com/corruption-versus-liberty-a-cuban-dilemma-dimas-castellano/ Continue reading
Los ‘mejoradores’ de combustible desaparecen de las estanterías REINALDO ESCOBAR, La Habana | Abril 28, 2017 El hombre lleva una mochila pesada que deja en el descanso de la escalera. A su alrededor todo está oscuro, pero una etiqueta con letras amarillas resalta en la penumbra. La operación es rápida y no quedan testigos. El […] Continue reading